The 1870 Manitoba general election held on December 27, 1870, resulted in a victory for Lieutenant Governor Adams George Archibald's governing coalition. Archibald had previously been appointed as the province's Lieutenant Governor by George-Étienne Cartier, and promoted a model of "consensus government," which included members of the province's different ethnic, religious, and linguistic groups.
The only organized opposition in the province was the Canadian Party of John Christian Schultz, which demanded swifter retribution against the leaders of Louis Riel's Red River Rebellion. Archibald's coalition won 17 seats, Schultz's party only 5. There were also two Independent MLAs: Thomas Bunn (who seems to have tacitly supported Archibald) and George Klyne (who does not appear to have played a major role in parliament). Edward Hay subsequently became Leader of the Opposition.
- Joseph Dubuc (Government/C) accl.
- John Norquay (Government) accl.
- John Sutherland (Opposition) 38
- Donald Matheson (Government) 31
- Angus McKay (Government) accl.
- David Spence (Government) 26
- D. Cook 18
- George Gunn (Government) 14
- Frederick Bird (Opposition) 37
- John Setter (Government) 36
- William Garriock 3
- George Klyne 19
- Alexander Morin 14
- Edward Hay (Opposition/L) 38
- Thomas Sinclair (Government) 28
- John Gunn (Government) 20
- John McTavish (Government/C) accl.
- Marc-Amable Girard (Government/C) accl.
- Louis Schmidt (Government/C) accl.
- Henry Joseph Clarke (Government/C) accl.
- Thomas Bunn (Independent/probably Government) 39
- Charles Begg 32
- Joseph Royal (Government/C) accl.
- Edwin Bourke (Opposition) 35
- Molyneaux St. John (Government) 21
- Joseph Lemay (Government) 35
- Joseph Geuton 9
- Pierre Delorme (Government/C) 50
- Joseph Hamelin 22
- Curtis Bird (Government) 38
- Hugh Pritchard 37
- Thomas Howard (Government/C) 75
- Joseph Monkman 11
- André Beauchemin (Government) accl.
[Note: Louis Riel had been requested to run here; he declined.]
On March 30, 1871, John Taylor's victory in Headingly was overturned and James Cunningham was declared elected. One of Taylor's votes had been cast too late; the tie-breaking vote was also disqualified.
- Robert A. Davis (Opposition) 112
- Alex McMicken 66
The government was dominated by the Lieutenant Governors (Archibald and his successor, Alexander Morris) until July 1874, when Joseph Dubuc's francophone bloc joined forces with the Opposition members to bring down the government. Marc-Amable Girard then served as Premier from July to November 1874, at which time he was replaced by Robert A. Davis.