Coordinates: 45°42′40″N 11°21′20″E / 45.71111°N 11.35556°E / 45.71111; 11.35556
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Comune di Schio
Duomo (San Pietro Church)
Duomo (San Pietro Church)
Schio within the Province of Vicenza
Schio within the Province of Vicenza
Location of Schio
Schio is located in Italy
Location of Schio in Italy
Schio is located in Veneto
Schio (Veneto)
Coordinates: 45°42′40″N 11°21′20″E / 45.71111°N 11.35556°E / 45.71111; 11.35556
ProvinceVicenza (VI)
FrazioniAste, Cabrelle, Giavenale, Monte Magrè, Piane, Poleo, Santa Caterina, Santa Maria, San Rocco, Sant'Ulderico, Magrè, Liviera, Cà Trenta, Ss. Trinità, Santa Croce
 • MayorValter Orsi
 • Total67 km2 (26 sq mi)
200 m (700 ft)
 (December 31, 2011)[2]
 • Total39 688
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Dialing code0445
Patron saintSt Peter
Saint dayJune 29
WebsiteOfficial website

Schio (Italian pronunciation: [skjo]) is a town and comune in the province of Vicenza (region of Veneto, northern Italy) situated north of Vicenza and east of the Lake Garda. It is surrounded by the Little Dolomites (Italian Prealps) and Mount Pasubio.


Its name comes from Latin: escletum was a wood of oaks and it was first used in a document of some Benedictines from Vicenza. The first settlements were around two old hills, where now there are respectively the ruins of an old castle and a majestic neoclassical cathedral.

By the 12th century Schio had become an important centre of prosperous wool manufacturing. The city was ruled by the Venetian Maltraversi family until 1311.

Schio is now an industrial town thanks to Alessandro Rossi, who founded the biggest Italian wool firm (Lanerossi) in the 19th century. Rossi also arranged the building of houses, nurseries, schools, theatres and gardens for his workers. The most important textile factories in Schio were Lanerossi, Conte and Cazzola. Schio was called "Manchester of Italy", because it was the focal point of the northern wool trade like the British city.

After World War II, the Italian resistance movement committed the Schio massacre in a temporary prison building in July 1945, killing 54 inmates.[3]

Main sights[edit]

  • The Weaver’s Monument, erected in 1879 by Alessandro Rossi who dedicated it to his workers. The inhabitants of Schio call it L’Omo (a dialect word for "man"). It is a statue representing a man who holds proudly in one hand the shuttle of his loom, the emblem of his craft and indeed of the whole textile industry.
  • A tower of the Castle, demolished in 1514.
  • San Francesco (St Francis’) church, dating from the early 15th century. The church is now part of a complex of buildings, superimposed in time, which were used formerly by the Monastery dei Frati Minori (1437-1806) and then by Schio's civil hospital (the Baratto Institute 1807–1959) and now a home for the elderly.
  • The little church of St Mary in the Valley, originally a column erected in 1511 after a plague. It became a church in 1580.
  • Toaldi-Capra Palace. This building dates from the 15th century or earlier; some frescoes have been recovered in the interior. It first belonged to the Toaldi family; it then passed to Enrico Capra, a noble from Vicenza, before becoming the Town Hall until 1913. It was recovered and carefully restored in 1981, and now houses the civic Musical Institute as a centre for cultural activities.

Main events[edit]

  • In 2019, the TEDx Conference event was introduced for the first time, a significant step forward for the community.

Twin towns[edit]

Notable people[edit]

  • Josephine Bakhita, F.D.C.C. (ca. 1869 – 8 February 1947), was a Sudanese-Italian Canossian religious sister who lived in Italy for 45 years, after having been a slave in Sudan. In 2000 she was declared a saint by the Catholic Church.
  • Olinto de Pretto, an industrialist who published a mass-energy equivalence equation in 1903, two years before Einstein[4]
  • Nicola Rigoni, Italian foot
  • Luca Rigoni, Italian footballer



  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ Foot, John (2009). "The Resistance". Italy's Divided Memory. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 176–179. ISBN 978-0-230-10183-8.
  4. ^ Carroll, Rory (11 November 1999). "Einstein's E=mc2 'was Italian's idea'". theguardian. p. 1. Retrieved 14 March 2016.

External links[edit]