339 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
339 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar339 BC
Ab urbe condita415
Ancient Egypt eraXXXI dynasty, 5
- PharaohArtaxerxes III of Persia, 5
Ancient Greek era110th Olympiad, year 2
Assyrian calendar4412
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−931
Berber calendar612
Buddhist calendar206
Burmese calendar−976
Byzantine calendar5170–5171
Chinese calendar辛巳年 (Metal Snake)
2359 or 2152
    — to —
壬午年 (Water Horse)
2360 or 2153
Coptic calendar−622 – −621
Discordian calendar828
Ethiopian calendar−346 – −345
Hebrew calendar3422–3423
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−282 – −281
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2762–2763
Holocene calendar9662
Iranian calendar960 BP – 959 BP
Islamic calendar990 BH – 988 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar1995
Minguo calendar2250 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1806
Thai solar calendar204–205
Tibetan calendar阴金蛇年
(female Iron-Snake)
−212 or −593 or −1365
    — to —
(male Water-Horse)
−211 or −592 or −1364

Year 339 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Mamercinus and Philo (or, less frequently, year 415 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 339 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • Philip II of Macedon decides to attack the Scythians, using as an excuse their reluctance to allow Philip to dedicate a statue of Heracles at the Danube estuary. The two armies clash on the plains of modern-day Dobruja. The ninety-year-old King of the Scythians, Ateas, is killed during the battle and his army is routed.
  • During a meeting of the Amphictyonic Council, Philip accuses the citizens of the town of Amfissa, in Locris, of intruding on consecrated ground. The Amphictyonic Congress, with the initial support of the Athenian representative, Aeschines, decides to inflict a harsh punishment upon the Locrians. After the failure of a first military excursion against the Locrians, the summer session of the Amphictyonic Council gives command of the league's forces to Philip and asks him to lead a second excursion. Philip acts at once, and his forces pass through Thermopylae, enter Amfissa and defeat the Locrians who are led by Chares, the Athenian general and mercenary commander.
  • Xenocrates is elected as head of the Greek Academy replacing Speusippus.

Roman Republic[edit]




  1. ^ "Speusippus". Oxford Reference. Retrieved May 13, 2018.